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The Primary Foundation and the Secondary Foundations

Followers of the Novus Ordo ‘church’ and ‘hidden pope’ followers hold this false idea: No Pope - No Church.

The first group says: “The Pope must be always, every single day of the Church’s existence”, while the second group says: “The Pope must be always, every single day of the Church’s existence, even if he is invisible for decades, and the Church does not know where he is nor who he is.”

Both groups state in unison: “If the Church does not have a Pope, St. Peter’s successor, every single day of the Church’s existence, it would mean that the gates of hell have prevailed over the Church”.

I already exposed these false statements in my previous articles "The Visible Head and Perpetuity of the Primacy" and “A Perpetual Legal Person and Jurisdiction”.

In these articles one can find many of arguments underscoring the truth that in the physical absence of the successor of St. Peter, the Church Militant is still alive, the primacy of the Holy See continues, and all bishops and priests have the legal right and obligation to administer the Sacraments in unity with the Holy See.

"The city may be trodden down by the barbarian conqueror, and the Pontiff may perish; but there is a vitality in the See that renders its destruction impossible." (1)

Either with a Pope or without a Pope, the Holy See will still exist as a perpetual legal person until the last day of this world's existence. Consequently, either with a Pope or without a Pope, the Catholic Church will still exist as a perpetual legal person until the last day of this world's existence as well.

I now present to a reader the official Doctrine of the Catholic Church about two foundations based on the teachings of St. Matthew the Evangelist (St. Matthew 21:42-44), St. Peter the Apostle (1 St. Peter 2:6-7) and St. Paul the Apostle (TO EPHESIANS 2:19-21).

According to St. Matthew the chief corner-stone which the builders rejected, is Our Lord Jesus Christ Himself.

According to St. Peter and St. Paul, Jesus Christ is the chief corner-stone, a mystery hidden for ages in the bosom of God (Eph. iii. 9), and unknown even to the Prince of the Apostles himself until it was shown to him in the vessel let down from heaven, in the form of a great linen sheet. (Acts x. 11)

According to St. Paul, Our Lord Jesus Christ is the chief corner-stone and the primary foundation, while the Prophets and Apostles hold the place of secondary foundations in the spiritual edifice of the Church of Christ.

After the death of the Prophets, the Apostles continued on with their work. After the death of the Apostles, their work has been continuing on through the Bishops and priests.

While Prophets, Apostles, Bishops and priests die, Jesus Christ is the Ever Living God, the Eternal Invisible Head and the Primary Foundation of His Church.

Regardless of whether the Pope is alive or not physically, the gates of hell will never prevail over the Church of Christ, because they have no power to prevail over the Eternal Invisible Head and the Primary Foundation, Our Lord Jesus Christ.

There is no insult to the Primacy of St. Peter, because there is an order of priority between the secondary foundations, but there is no priority of the Primacy of St. Peter over the Supreme Primacy of Our Lord Jesus Christ.

When someone says that the Primacy of St. Peter has priority over the Supreme Primacy of Jesus Christ, he thus elevates the man and humiliates God.

Our Lord humiliated Himself by His Incarnation and Death upon the Cross, but after His Resurrection and the Ascension He no longer humiliates Himself, except in the unbloody Sacrifice of Holy Mass.

By saying that the gates of hell prevailed over the Church of Christ, if there is no Pope, the followers of the Novus Ordo 'church' and the 'hidden pope' followers reject the chief corner-stone, the Primary Foundation, i.e., Jesus Christ Himself, Who says to the 'Pharisees’ of all times that the Kingdom of God shall be taken from them, and shall be given to a nation yielding the fruits thereof.

Commenting on the First Epistle of St. Peter, Archbishop John MacEvilly says that Jesus Christ is represented by this chief corner-stone, and is vested with Supreme, Legal, and Judicial Authority, to punish and destroy those, who under the pretext of zeal for their religion reject Christ, chief corner-stone.

Our Lord Jesus Christ is the Invisible Head, the Primary Foundation and the Chief Corner-Stone. Upon Him, as the Chief Corner-Stone, the entire edifice of the Church, compactly joined and cemented together, is reared up unto a holy temple consecrated to Him.

Jesus Christ said to His disciples, who represented His Church: “I will not leave you orphans: I will come to you.” (St. John 14:18). And He does indeed in the Mystery of the Sacrament, as He Himself testified: "He that eateth My flesh, and drinketh My blood, abideth in Me, and I in him." (St. John 6:57)

Fr. Valerii

P.S. From the following quotations one can also see that Holy Scripture, the written Word of God, completely refutes the false doctrine about a “divine race of a great monarch”.

Here the quotations follow:

AN EXPOSITION OF THE GOSPELS
OF ST. MATTHEW AND ST. MARK

BY HIS GRACE THE MOST REV. DR. MacEVILLY
Archbisbop ot Tuam:

Text

42 JESUS saith to them: Have you never read in the Scriptures: The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner? By the Lord this has been done, and it is wonderful in our eyes.
43 Therefore I say to you, that the kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and shall be given to a nation yielding the fruits thereof.
44 And whosoever shall fall on this stone, shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it shall grind him to powder."

(St. Matthew 21:42-44)

Commentary

"The stone which the builders rejected" Our Redeemer exhibits the same idea under the different similitudes, of workmen, vine-dressers, labourers. Here, the idea is borrowed from that of architects. This latter is frequently employed by St. Paul. (1 Cor. iii. 9, &c.)

By ''the stone rejected by the builders," is meant, as we are informed by St. Peter (1 Ep. ii. 4, &c.), our Lord Himself. The idea is, that, like a stone east aside as worthless by the builders of one edifice, and made the chief binder, the corner stone in another; Christ was rejected by the Pharisees and Doctors of the Old Law, in the building up of the synagogue and house of God, of which they were the chief builders; but, He was chosen by God to be set in Sion with honour, as the chief corner and foundation stone. This He became, when He united two peoples in one, connecting and cementing them in His Blood, reconciling them by His Cross. There is a tacit opposition conveyed here between God's selecting Him, and men's rejecting Him. "By the Lord this has been done," as if to say, this economy in assigning the honorable place in the building of His Church to Christ, who had been rejected by the Jews, the builders of the synagogue, was not accomplished by man, as it was in opposition to human power; but, against all human exertions, it was brought about by the power of God alone, who, by an admirable disposition of His providence, made the malice of His enemies the means of exalting Christ; thus, drawing good out of evil. It is all divine. The means employed are altogether independent of human strength or wisdom. Hence, this admirable display of Divine power and wisdom, through means, humanly speaking, weak and foolish, "is wonderful in our eyes," that is, in the eyes of the believers, who regard Christ, crucified and rejected, as "the wisdom and power of God" (1 Cor. i.) This transferring of the Gospel to the Gentiles - a mystery hidden for ages in the bosom of God (Eph. iii. 9), and unknown even to the Prince of the Apostles himself, till he was shown it in the vessel let down from heaven, in the form of a great linen sheet, &c. (Acts x. 11) - is what was "wonderful in their eyes." (2)

AN EXPOSITION OF THE EPISTLES OF ST. PAUL
And of the Catholic Epistles

BY HIS GRACE THE MOST REV. JOHN MacEVILLY, D.D.,
Archbishop of Tuam
Vol. I:

Text

19 Now therefore you are no more stranqers and foreigners: but you are fellow-citizens with the saints, and the domestics of God,
20 Built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner-stone:
21 In whom all the building, being framed together, groweth up into an holy temple in the Lord.
22 In whom you also are built together into an habitation of God in the Spirit.
(TO EPHESIANS 2:19-22)

Paraphrase

19. Now, therefore, you are no longer, as you were in your Gentile, unconverted state, strange citizens and mere guests in the family; but you are fellow-citizens of the saints, and inmates of God's own house.

20. You are built upon the Apostles and Prophets, who hold the place of secondary foundations in the spiritual edifice of the Church, Jesus Christ himself being its primary foundation, as chief corner-stone laid at the bottom of the building, supporting in one, both Jew and Gentile.

21. Upon whom, as chief corner-stone, the entire edifice of the Church, compactly joined and cemented together, is reared up unto a holy temple consecrated to the Lord.

22. Upon whom as chief corner-stone, you Ephesians also are built together with the rest of Christians, constituting parts of this temple, so as to become the habitation of God; this is effected by the Spirit of God, who by his holy grace cements you together and prepares you to be his holy habitation.

Commentary

19. Among the benefits resulting from their justification is this, viz., that they are no longer "strangers," deprived of the rights of citizens, as they were before, when "strangers to the testament" (verse 12), and "foreigners," not belonging to the household of God, for they were "afar off" (verse 13), nay, "without God.'' But they now are "fellow-citizens with the saints," which may refer to the Patriarchs and saints of old with whom they were connected, as being the spiritual Israel - or, it may refer to the faithful members of the Church of Christ, who are frequently called "saints," by the Apostle; and they are inmates of God's own family. 20. The Apostle introduces the metaphor of the house to which he already had compared the Church of Christ (verse 14). He shows the union that had subsisted between the Ephesians and the rest of the faithful, as they form a part of the spiritual edifice built upon Christ and the Apostles, &c. Christ is the primary foundation in this edifice; it is by his faith and grace it is sustained. "The Prophets," who ushered in the Gospel, and "the Apostles," who were the first to announce it, are called a "foundation," but only secondary foundations, since Christ is the corner-stone, on which both the walls, that is to say, Jews and Gentiles, were united, on which both rested ; and by which, both were supported, forming only one edifice. This furnishes no objection against the Primacy of St. Peter; for, there is an order of priority and preference between the secondary foundations, as is shown in the proofs of the Primacy. The Apostles were foundations; but, still, subordinate to St. Peter, the "rock on which Christ built his Church," the chief shepherd to whom the entire flock was given in charge, ''lambs and sheep," pastors and people.

21. "A holy temple in the Lord," i.e., of the Lord; or, "holy," through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ.

22. The Ephesians form a part of this holy temple; hence, the close union they have contracted with the friends of God, forming a part of the same spiritual edifice with them. (3)

AN EXPOSITION OF THE EPISTLES OF ST. PAUL
And of the Catholic Epistles

BY HIS GRACE THE MOST REV. JOHN MacEVILLY, D.D.,
Archbishop of Tuam
Vol. II:

Text

6 Wherefore it is said in the scripture: Behold I lay in Sion a chief corner-stone, elect, precious. And he that shall believe in him, shall not be confounded.
7 To you therefore, that believe, he is honour: but to them that believe not, he done which the builders rejected, the same is made the head of the corner.

(1 ST. PETER 2:6-7)

Paraphrase

6. It is to point out to us, that Christ is the living foundation of his Church, that the following words are contained in the sacred Scripture (Isaias, xxviii.): Behold I place in Sion - in which was contained the palace of David, and, was a type of the Church, wherein Christ reigns - a chief corner-stone, whereby the entire edifice is bound together, propped up and supported; chosen for this, in preference to every other, and "precious," owing to the infinite dignity of his person, in which are united the divine and human natures. Whosoever shall believe, and place his trust in him, will not be confounded in his expectation.

7. To you, therefore, that believe in him, will belong the special privileges of not being confounded in your hopes; or, to you, who by faith are incorporated with him, will belong, a share and participation in the honour conferred on him; but to those who refuse to believe in him, this same stone, which the builders rejected, shall, in despite of their efforts and machinations against him, become "the head of the corner," by being vested with supreme, legal, and judicial authority, so as to punish and destroy them.

Commentary

6. "Wherefore, it is said in the Scripture." In Greek, περιει εν γραφη ''is it contained in Scripture." - (Isaias, xxviii. 16). The Apostle quotes the passage, with some transposition of the words. He expresses the sense, however, both of the Hebrew and Septuagint. He proves, from the prophet, that Christ was made the living foundation of his Church. "Behold I will place in (Mount) Sion" - a type of the Christian Church - ''a chief corner stone," because, he supports the edifice; and, by a Hebrew idiom, the rulers and governors are called the corners or angles of the people, as being their chief props of support. - (Judges, xxi. i; 1 Kings, xiv.; Isaias, xix.) Christ might be called the "corner-stone," because he connects and unites in one the two walls of Jews and Gentiles (Ephes. ii. 14-21); "elect," for, in no other name can salvation be found; "and precious" and most highly honoured, since, "in His name every knee in heaven, &c., must bow." (Philip, I. 10). "And he that shall believe in him shall not be confounded." The Apostle quotes from the Septuagint version. In the Hebrew, instead of ''shall not be confounded," we have "let hint not hasten." The sense, however, is the same, for, the word "hasten," expresses the hurry and trepidation, consequent on confusion or disappointment in one's expectation; hence, the words mean, he need not be in that hurried anxiety into which those are thrown, who dread disappointment in any important concern (see Rom. ix. 33).

7. "To you, therefore, that believe, he is honour." The word "honour" may refer either to the last part of the preceding verse, "shall not be confounded," or, to "precious," that is, honourable. This "corner-stone" is honourable and precious. To you, therefore, who as living stones, are constructed as a part of the spiritual edifice on him, and incorporated with Him, shall be given a share in the honour and preciousness, which belongs to him. - (See Paraphrase). The Apostle wishes to show the glory of the believers, and the greatness of the benefits conferred on them, by being incorporated with Christ, and this he does the more clearly, by contrasting their advantages with the evils, in which the unbelievers are involved. "But to them, that believe not;" "the stone which the builders rejected;" by ''builders" are meant the Scribes and Pharisees, who under pretext of zeal for their religion, rejected Christ, and persecuted him unto death, this stone is "made for them, the head of the corner," that is, He who is represented by this stone, is vested with supreme authority, to punish and destroy them. The words are taken from Psalm cxvii. 21. (4)

AN EXPOSITION OF THE GOSPEL OF ST. JOHN
BY HIS GRACE THE MOST REV. DR. MacEVILLY
Archbisbop ot Tuam:
Text

18 I will not leave you orphans: I will come to you.
18 Non relinquam vos orphanos: veniam ad vos.

19 Yet a little while: and the world seeth me no more. But you see me: because I live, and you shall live.
19 Adhuc modicum, et mundus me jam non videt. Vos autem videtis me: quia ego vivo, et vos vivetis.


Commentary

18. Although I go from you to My Father, to send you another Comforter in My place; still, I shall not Myself personally desert you who are My beloved children (xiii. 33), nor leave you comfortless in the destitute condition of children deprived of a parent. "I will come to you." I will return and console you in My glorious state, after my Resurrection.

19. ''Yet a little while," after a short interval of a few hours, "and the world," worldly-minded men, "shall see Me no more." My visible presence shall cease for them at My death, which takes place in a few hours. I shall, after that, be visible to My disciples only; worldly-minded men shall not see Me either visibly or by faith. "But you see Me." I shall show Myself to you, "because I live" shall be resuscitated to a new and immortal life. I have essential life in my Divinity, "and you shall live." This may mean: you shall not soon be subjected, like Me, to death, and shall continue in life, so that you may be able to see Me. Or, it may refer to their future resuscitation, when they shall see Him in glory and share in His happiness. (5)

References:

The quotes from the Holy Scripture taken from: THE HOLY BIBLE PUBLISHED WITH THE APPROBATION OF THE CATHOLIC ARCHBISHOPS AND BISHOPS OF IRELAND. The Douay Version of the Old Testament of 1609, and with the Rhemish Version of the New Testament of 1582, Given at Dublin, May 4th, 1857.

(1) THE PRIMACY OF THE APOSTOLIC SEE VINDICATED
BY FRANCIS PATRICK KENRICK, ARCHBISHOP OF BALTIMORE
SEVENTH REVISED EDITION
BALTIMORE:
PUBLISHED BY JOHN MURPHY & CO.
182 BALTIMORE STREET.
1875.
pp. 238, 240.

(2) AN EXPOSITION OF THE GOSPELS
CONSISTING OF AN ANALYSIS OF EACH CHAPTER
AND OF A COMMENTARY
CRITICAL, EXEGETICAL, DOCTRINAL, AND MORAL
BY HIS GRACE THE MOST REV. DR. MacEVILLY
ARCHBISHOP OF TUAM
FOURTH EDITION, REVISED AND CORRECTED
DUBLIN: M. H GILL & SON, 50 UPPER O'CONNELL STREET
NEW YORK
BENZIGER BROTHERS, 113 BROADWAY.
1898
pp. 393, 394

(3) AN EXPOSITION OF THE EPISTLES OF ST. PAUL
And of the Catholic Epistles

CONSISTING OF
AN INTRODUCTION TO EACH EPISTLE, AN ANALYSIS OF EACH
CHAPTER, A PARAPHRASE OF THE SACRED TEXT
AND A COMMENTARY
Embracing Notes, Critical, Explanatory, and Dogmatical
INTERSPERSED WITH MORAL REFLECTIONS
BY HIS GRACE THE MOST REV. JOHN MacEVILLY, D.D.,
Archbishop of Tuam
APPROBATION OF PIUS P.P. IX. Given at Rome, at St. Peter's, October 23,1858
APPROBATION OF LEO P.P. XIII Given at Rome, at St. Peter's, on 30th April, 1879
VOL. I
SIXTH EDITION, ENLARGED, REVISED AND CORRECTED.
DUBLIN: M. H GILL & SON, 50 UPPER O'CONNELL STREET
BENZIGER BROTHERS
NEW YORK, CINCINNATI AND CHICAGO
1898
pp. 422-423

(4) AN EXPOSITION OF THE EPISTLES OF ST. PAUL
And of the Catholic Epistles

CONSISTING OF
AN INTRODUCTION TO EACH EPISTLE, AN ANALYSIS OF EACH
CHAPTER, A PARAPHRASE OF THE SACRED TEXT
AND A COMMENTARY
Embracing Notes, Critical, Explanatory, and Dogmatical
INTERSPERSED WITH MORAL REFLECTIONS
BY HIS GRACE THE MOST REV. JOHN MacEVILLY, D.D.
Archbishop of Tuam
APPROBATION OF PIUS P.P. IX. Given at Rome, at St. Peter's, October 23,1858
APPROBATION OF LEO P.P. XIII Given at Rome, at St. Peter's, on 30th April, 1879
VOL. II
SIXTH EDITION, ENLARGED, REVISED AND CORRECTED
DUBLIN: M. H GILL & SON, 50 UPPER O'CONNELL STREET
BENZIGER BROTHERS
NEW YORK, CINCINNATI AND CHICAGO
1898
pp. 330, 331

(5) AN EXPOSITION OF THE GOSPEL OF ST. JOHN
CONSISTING OF AN ANALYSIS OF EACH CHAPTER
AND OF A COMMENTARY
CRITICAL, EXEGETICAL, DOCTRINAL, AND MORAL
HAVING THE TEXT, ENGLISH AND LATIN, PREFIXED IN
FULL TO EACH CHAPTER
ALSO,
THE VERSES IN EACH CHAPTER MARGINALLY ARRANGED
SIDE BY SIDE WITH THE COMMENTARY
BY HIS GRACE THE MOST REV. DR. MacEVILLY
Archbisbop ot Tuam
SECOND EDITION.
DUBLIN: M. H. GILL & SON, 50 UPPER O'CONNELL STREET
NEW YORK:
BENZIGER BROTHERS, 113 BROADWAY.
1902
p. 280

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